Inflammation of pancreas is called Pancreatitis. Behind the stomach, tucked is a flat and long gland called pancreas that produces enzymes to aid digestion and help hormones in processing sugar in the body. In the case of acute pancreatitis, it appears without any symptom and can last for days. In chronic cases, the disease occurs over many years and complications could be life threatening.
Symptoms and signs of pancreatitis include pain in the abdomen that worsens after eating and may also radiate to the back, vomiting, rapid pulse, fever, nausea and tenderness while touching the abdomen.
In case of chronic pancreatitis, the symptoms include weight loss, pain in upper abdomen and smelly and oily stools.
Is pancreatitis curable?
Computerized tomography called CT, blood tests, abdominal ultrasound, stool tests, MRI or Magnetic Resonance Imaging, and endoscopic ultrasound are some of the procedures and test to determine pancreatitis. Depending upon the situation, other tests may be recommended by the doctor.
Initial treatment includes fasting for a few days but in a medical facility to increase chances of recovery from Pancreatitis. Bland foods and liquids can be taken once inflammation in pancreas is controlled. The patient can resume normal diet, with time. To get nutrition, a feeding tube may be recommended by the doctor if pain still persists while eating. Pain medications and intravenous fluids are also administered to provide relief. Once Pancreatitis is controlled underlying cause of the disease is determined by the health team or doctor. Accordingly, bile duct obstructions may be widened or opened, surgery of pancreas or gallbladder may be advised or dependence on alcohol may be treated.
Additional treatment may be required in the case of chronic pancreatitis. Medications for pain control, enzymes for improving digestion and diet changes may be advised by the doctor as part of treatment. To continue recovery the patient must improve lifestyle, quit alcohol and smoking, drink more fluids and select a low fat diet. Alternative medication is administered in case of chronic pancreatitis like yoga, relaxation exercises, acupuncture and meditation for pain control.