When specific changes occur in the brain then it can result in a Migraine headache. Strong stimuli like loud noises, changes in hormones, certain foods and stress are some of the factors that could trigger a migraine. The exact cause of Migraine is not yet known well. Studies indicate that when level of neurotransmitters in the brain change, then it could cause Migraine. Physiological changes occur within the brain resulting in severe headache called Migraine. In tension, muscles of the neck, face and scalp contract causing tension headache.
Other Migraine triggers include changes in barometer pressure, taking alcohol beverages, oversleeping, fluctuation in hormones, taking oral contraceptives, consuming foods like chocolate, red wines, artificial sweeteners, preservatives, aged cheeses and dairy products.
Symptoms of Migraine
Symptoms of Migraine include vomiting, pain in the eyes, severe pounding like pain one side of the head, vomiting and nausea. Migraine causes severe pain in the head and accompanied often by
adverse reaction to smells, sound or light. A cluster of headaches may be experienced by some people, in severe cases.
Typical symptoms and signs are diagnosed to determine Migraine problem. Physical examination is done generally. However if the physical examination is not normal then imaging of the brain is done with CT scans and MRI scans. EEG – Electroencephalogram a brain wave test may be done is found necessary by the medical practitioner.
How do you prevent migraines?
Prescription drugs like triptans or OTC – Over The Counter medications may be given for treating Migraine to relieve the pain. Changes in lifestyle like exercising properly, avoiding foods that trigger migraines, relaxing and eating healthy foods can help reduce the frequency of Migraines.
Other options for treatment include taking adequate sleep, placing ice on the head, avoiding flashing lights and stress and avoiding smoking. Other natural remedies include group therapy, using herbs, aromatherapy and acupressure.